For this essay assignment, you are asked to apply course materials that we have covered to response to two (2)of the following essay options. The respond to each option must be 350 words minimum and 600 words maximum. The word count applies to the each essay option and not the smaller questions within the option. It is important to draw on concrete examples from recorded lectures, readings, and films. For each essay option, you must draw on at least 3 terminologies from the textbook or lecture to apply to your response. 25 points per essay option, 50 points total Concretely responds to prompt questions – 5 points per question, 10 pointstotal 350 words minimum per question –5 points per question, 10 points total 3 terminologies per question – 5 points per question, 10 points total Concrete examples from course materials – 5 points per question, 10 points total Grammar/spelling/style – 5 points per question, 10 points total 1. 1. Rituals are an important part of our school experiences, be they graduation ceremonies or pregame pep rallies. They are also an important and enduring part of our social lives that work to hold communities together. What are some of the rituals that are performed at your school (high school, college, or university), social club, family functions, or workplace? Please give some attention to the details of the ritual. Why do people practice these rituals? What are their purported meanings? How would you classify these rituals (i.e. periodic ritual)? During which time of the year are they practiced? Do they have social meanings or religious meanings, please articulate? 2. 2. Discuss a rite of passage that you have attended (please do not provide a second-hand account of someone else’s experience).Some rights of passage rituals are: circumcision ceremonies, baptism, quinceaneras, and military induction, etc… Identify and describe the three phases according to the lesson from chapter 4 “Ritual”. Give careful detail to the import of each phase of the ritual. Be sure to incorporate key terms such “symbols” and “icons”. Please identify concrete meanings from the ritual festivities. NOTE: You cannot write on the same topic for essay option 1 and 2, you must pick different topics to write about for each of the option. 3. 3. How is adulthood defined in U.S. culture (socially, biologically, culturally)? Or you can use the example of the culture that you are most familiar with. At what point is one considered or defined as an adult? And why? Is one an adult because of biological reasons, social reasons, religious reasons, etc…? Is there a rite or several rites of passage that mark this transition?Are the rites of passages defined by gender? What are the meanings and responsibilities that are projected on to an individual that has transitioned into adulthood? Be specific in describing this. Be sure to use terminologies that we have learned. 4. Choose a religious symbol that you are familiar with and describe its meaning. How is this symbol connected to the myths and worldview of the culture in which it is found?How is this symbol used? Where is it stored? Draw examples from the course. You must articulate the meaning of the religious symbol within the broader context that it is used. For example, Catholic symbols such as the Virgin Mary are unique to that sect of Christianity which is not prominent in others. Incorporate key terms that we have learned. You can focus on a rosary, a bible, a buddha statue, etc..