Choose 2 of the 3 provided questions and write a response in 8 sentences or less (per question). Questions: 1) According to Sassen (1999), “global cities are sites for the over-valorization of corporate capital and the devalorization of disadvantaged workers” (pg. 170). Explain a) what Sassen means by global cities, and b) what does she mean by the over-valorization of capital and devalorization of labor in global cities. 2) Robinson (2008) states that the “spatialized account of the multiple webs of social relations which produce ordinary cities could help to displace some of the hierarchizing and excluding effects” of global cities theories (pg. 545). Explain a) what Robinson means by the concept of ordinary cities, and b) how this perspective critiques issues of hierarchy and exclusion in global cities theories (NB: you do not need to define global cities in this answer, but should focus on defining the ordinary cities approach and its critique of global cities theories here). 3) Simone (2004) states that “people as infrastructure describes a tentative and often precarious process of remaking the inner city, especially now that the policies and economies that once moored it to the surrounding city have mostly worn away” (pg. 411). Explain a) what Simone means by people as infrastructure, and b) why the concept is especially relevant to inner-city neighborhoods in Johannesburg, South Africa.