Briefly describe two of the main perspectives in organization theory (Modernist,
Briefly describe two of the main perspectives in organization theory (Modernist,
Briefly describe two of the main perspectives in organization theory (Modernist, Postmodern) and discuss how each of these perspectives can guide managerial practice in contemporary organizations. Topics/keywords/info: 1. Modernism associated with rationalism, progress, intellect, about universalism and objective truth (which can be accessed via scientific method) Was driven by utopian social and political agendas Ideal visions of human life and society Belief in progress Impose order Commitment to rationalism, systems and science Positivist epistemology and realist ontology One best way of doing things 2. Post modernism is the opposite – its about multiple truths or that almost nothing is true/false Started in 1980s Flexible accumulation of capital (David Harvey) Post industrialism, post bureaucratic organization It’s a cultural/ economic change/ comes after modernism/it’s a philosophical movement Developed across philosophy, arts, architecture, criticism Scepticism towards grand narratives, ideologies and the trends of enlighment rationality No objective reality of absolute truth Knowledge and truth are the product of systems of social, historial, political discourse Less optimistic Form over function Different epistemological and ontological foundation – relativist ( multiple realisites which depend on subject position), interpretivist (subjectivity), qualitative methods. Keyworsd – post-structuralism, deconstruction, moving to consumerism Jameson – new form of capitalism, new international division of labor. Stability after ww2, things have become more global, mobile ( result of deregulation and globalization), increases rate of innovation, change, decreases permanence. Post-Fordism (modernism) – particular mode of organizing which is typified by the car industry, mass production and consumption, workers were well paid, World went from oil to technology Mass customization, multiple tasks for workers, diversified investments, focus on developing and marketing, flexible specialization, new structural forms of organisations Nothing is permanent, family is changing, social and economic life changing, capital moves very fast, emphasis on superficiality, Theories – language, power, meaning, subjectivity Articles to read/use - in the attachment STRUCTURE OF THE ESSAY: Intro (with THESIS STATEMENT) – 250 words 1st body – modernist - 300 - brief overall description of the theory 2nd body – postmodern - 300 - brief overall description of the theory 3rd body – guidance in managerial practice - 300 - discuss how each of these perspectives can guide managerial practice in contemporary organizations. Very important to use an example about today - for example how does covid affect all of this. Conclusion (summary) - 250 Harvard referencing style, only academic sources, textbook - Organization Theory McAuley

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